How much do you know about human displacement and refugee resettlement?
We really appreciate your interest in learning more about human displacement! Below are the quiz questions with answers:
1) What was the number of displaced people in the world in 2016?
ANSWER: The number of forcibly displaced people worldwide due to persecution, conflict, violence or human rights violations reached 65.6 million in 2016. And it’s still growing! In 2016 it grew at the rate of 20 people per minute or 28,300 per day. The worldwide refugee count (does not include internally displaced) now stands at 22.5 million.
2) When refugees get stuck or 'warehoused' in camps, how long will they usually end up staying?
A. 2 months
B. 2 years
C. 20 years
ANSWER: The majority of the world's refugees (11.9 million out of 22.5 million) come from what the UNHCR calls protracted refugee situations. People in these situations often are confined and deprived of the "freedom to move, access to land, or legal employment." UNHCR defines a protracted refugee situation as "one in which 25,000 or more refugees from the same nationality have been in exile for five or more years in a given asylum country." "The average length of major protracted refugee situations is 26 years and "23 of the 32 protracted of refugee situations at the end of 2015 have lasted for more than 20 years."
Learn more about the term "warehousing" at: http://news.trust.org//item/20140619151606-dn9i6.
3) Most refugees are:
ANSWER: Children under the age of 18 made up about half of the refugee population in 2016. Unaccompanied or separated children - mainly Afghans and Syrians - lodged 75,000 asylum applicants in 70 countries during the year. Germany received the highest number of these applicants, 35,900.
4) Which country currently hosts the most refugees?
C. United States
Answer: Turkey shelters the greatest number of refugees, hosting 2.8 million by mid-2016. It’s followed by Pakistan (1.6 million), Lebanon (1 million), Iran (978,000), Ethiopia (742,700), Jordan (691,800), Kenya (523,500), Uganda (512,600), Germany (478,600) and Chad (386,100).
While the U.S. ranks 9th in per capita income out of 175 countries, the developing world bears the burden of hosting 84% of the world’s refugees. Per capita income rankings place Turkey as 47th; Lebanon as 79th; Ethiopia as 159th; Jordan as 100th; Kenya as 141st; Uganda as 157th; and Chad as 154th).
5) The screening process to admit refugees to the U.S. takes:
A. 6-12 months
B. 12-18 months
C. 18-24 months
Answer: Refugees who seek resettlement in the U.S. must pass a series of steps to ensure they will not pose a security risk to the country, which usually takes 18-24 months to process. The biographic and biometric information collected is examined to confirm refugees' identities and checked in "multiple screenings against law enforcement, intelligence community and other relevant database." To read a step-by-step overview of this process, click here.
6) What is the percentage of total refugees resettled in 2016?
A. Less than 10%
B. Less than 1%,
C. Less than .1%
ANSWER: Less than 1%. "According to government statistics, 37 countries admitted 189,300 refugees [out of 22.5 million] for resettlement during the year, including those resettled with UNHCR’s assistance."
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